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Alcoholism – treatment and effects of addiction


Alcoholism causes family problems and difficulties in the work environment. It is a phenomenon with multifactorial conditions, which makes both the prevention and treatment of alcoholism a real challenge for civilization, and alcohol itself is the most common psychoactive substance. Alcohol is also rooted in the culture and customs of many countries, which means that, unfortunately, there is social consent to its abuse.

What is Alcoholism?

There are many definitions of alcoholism. One is where alcoholism is a chronic, progressive disease characterized by:

  • tolerance,
  • addiction,
  • pathological changes in internal organs.


Addiction is a state in which a person involved in it loses the freedom to decide about himself. Usually he loses the ability to think logically.

In the sphere of relationships with other people, the alcoholic usually acts selectively: he fosters mainly those contacts that will allow him to consume or even join drinking together.


People with alcohol dependence also tend to manipulate people who do not drink alcohol. Usually, they are only needed to provide liquor, to borrow a sum of money, to provide an alibi. For a person addicted to alcohol, the most important are those who maintain his faith that nothing bad is happening to him.

Learn more: alcohol detox

The alcoholic (knowing that he does not control his drinking and does not remember what he did yesterday) fiercely manifests his supposed freedom. He does it in every possible way, usually drinking alcohol – thus proving that he has made such a decision and will carry out his intention, because “he is the master of himself”, “no one will dictate to him” and “he decides here”.

Of course, people who are addicted to excessive consumption have flashes of awareness, but these usually cause the alcoholic to find further arguments for continuing to drink.

Why does the alcoholic return to drinking?

The explanation for the return to drinking alcohol is as follows: well, if I value freedom, and suddenly find that I am in a situation of enslavement, to which, in addition, I have led myself, then I must either acknowledge my inefficiency, demoralization and failure, or persuade myself that it is not I have not lost my independence. It is in defense of a good or even bearable opinion about oneself that the mechanism of denial arises and grows.

This belief system provides the addicted person with apparent peace and maintains his inner conviction that he is not an alcoholic. Interestingly, the person starts to believe in their own confabulations over time. This set of excuses and justifications – repeated many times – takes on the features of objective truth for her, becomes part of her vision of the world. Illusion and lies create a kind of shelter for an addicted person, allowing them to believe that a given way of thinking, every action, including alcohol consumption, is justified, logical, obvious in their situation.

Alcoholic personality types

On the occasion of the Swedish study on alcoholism among the surveyed men
and women, two types of alcoholic personality have been noted:

the first of them is characterized by shyness and a high level of fear,
the second is a self-confident, energetic type who tends to be antisocial after drinking alcohol (this is not the norm, but an aggressive attitude among alcohol addicts is quite common).
As the tested persons, under the influence of alcohol, presented the personality type of their biological and not their adoptive parents, it was concluded that genes are the driving force behind the development of these two different personality types.